Fri 10 Feb 2023 to Sat 22 Apr 2023
Via Francesco Crispi 16, 00187 Adam McEwen: XXIII
Artist: Adam McEwen
Gagosian presents XXIII, an exhibition of new paintings by Adam McEwen. This is McEwen’s debut solo exhibition with the gallery in Italy.
The protagonist of the works in XXIII is the ballpoint pen, an ubiquitous and instantly recognizable icon of modern design. McEwen transforms the transparent, hexagonal shapes of the pen into flat, schematic renderings in acrylic paint that accentuate both their linear forms and their creative potential. The works’ dimensions are slightly larger than those of a tall person, while their compositions suggest relationships that are both mechanical and figurative in their implications.
In their defamiliarization of the everyday, these paintings relate to the artist’s past works, from life-size sculptures of functional objects milled to scale in graphite to the obituaries of living people that are the focus of his concurrent solo exhibition at Gagosian London (on view from January 26 through March 11, 2023). They also resonate with the appropriation of mechanical drawings into the realm of painting by figures such as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, and Roy Lichtenstein.
In the main gallery, seven identically sized rectangular canvases are grouped to emphasize compositional and symbolic interrelationships. Simultaneously aggressive and whimsical, they suggest emblems of competing ideas and social structures. These works are unified by their purple grounds, with hues from lavenders to violets applied alternately as monochromatic washes and painterly passages that contrast with the bold lines of the pens. Purple is a color long associated with the history of Rome, from the senators and emperors of the ancient empire to liturgical vestments, while the crossed lines made by the pens in many of the works resemble the Roman numerals of the exhibition’s title.
Arrayed in precise parallel lines, pens with red ink in Materiel (2023) point down in a diagonal configuration that conveys a sense of militaristic conformity. Kling Klang (2023) crosses black-ink and red-ink pens, their layers of interwoven lines implying a kind of dance or physical engagement. In Dodger (2023), the sense of regularity and order is challenged by one pen that breaks ranks, while Good Night (2023) replaces the straight lines of the pens with fantastically wavering forms.
The largest painting in XXIII, Big Spear (2023) recollects the jumble of lances in Paolo Uccello’s Battle of San Romano (c. 1435–40, Uffizi, Florence), a key work in defining the potential of linear perspective by the Renaissance master. Upstairs are works on oval supports that play off the rounded shape of the main gallery space. The arrangements of pens in these paintings take the form of the cross in Colosseo No.1, the self-devouring Ouroboros in Colosseo No.3, and the figure 8 or infinity sign in Colosseo No.5 (all 2023)—symbols that resonate with the history of Rome and beyond.